Spleen holds blood and organs in Chinese medicine

The moving direction of spleen-Qi is upward. By contrast, the moving direction of stomach-Qi is downward. The moving upwards of spleen-Qi and the moving downwards of stomach-Qi make the digestive system work smoothly. Spleen is called the source of the generation and transformation of Qi and blood. Theory about spleen and stomach, a book written in the 13the century, even says, „All diseases are caused by the weakness of spleen and stomach.”

This article explains how spleen controls blood in vessels and keeps the normal positions of internal organs, and tell about why anxiety harms spleen.

Controlling blood in vessels

The Qi of the body pushes blood forward to flow in vessels. At the same time, Qi controls blood for preventing vessel rupture. The formation of the Qi of the human body depends on the functions of the spleen-Qi, so the spleen is described as the internal organ of controlling blood in vessels.

Because the moving direction of spleen-Qi is upward, the hemorrhages caused by the deficiency of spleen-Qi generally appear in the lower parts of the body, such as blood in the stool or the urine, or uterine bleeding.

Because the spleen governs the muscles of the human body, the hemorrhages caused by the deficiency of spleen-Qi may also be subcutaneous hemorrhage or sweat pore bleeding.

Hemorrhages may caused by different factors. In the case of the deficiency of the spleen-Qi, the excreted blood is generally light colored and thin, while the patient is anorectic and languid, and his complexion is withered. He lacks strength, gets tired easily, and even easily faint.

Keeping the normal positions of internal organs

The moving upwards of spleen-Qi supports internal organs to keep staying in their normal positions. The deficiency of spleen-Qi may cause gastroptosis, nephroptosis, hysteroptosis or rectocele.

Therefore, in traditional Chinese medicine, medicinal materials of invigorating spleen-Qi are often used to improving downward displacement of internal organs. Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang, which literally means the decoction of strengthening spleen and stomach and nourishing Qi, is often used for treating the syndrome.

Spleen and anxiety

In traditional Chinese medicine, the feeling of worry is related to the spleen. If spleen-Qi is sufficient, the Qi and blood of the body are sufficient, the feeling of worry lasts only a short time, and the person won’t become anxious. However, if spleen-Qi is deficient, the person cannot withstand the feeling of worry and may suffer from anxiety.

If a person is excessively worried all day, his spleen-Qi and stomach-Qi may stagnate and lose activity. Spleen-Qi can’t move upward to deliver the clear, and stomach-Qi can’t move downward to deliver the turbid, leading to the disorder of the functions of the spleen and the stomach. The person will feel dizzy and lose appetite. His abdomen will have the feelings of distention and oppression. So in traditional Chinese medicine there are the words, „Anxiety harms the spleen.”

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